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FAQs about Ground-mounted Photovoltaic Systems

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  • Which areas are suitable for ground-mounted photovoltaic systems?

    Suitable areas for a solar park are low yield agricultural areas and areas that are not designated as protected areas, as well as areas that are pre-exposed to pollution, e.g. conversion areas. Areas with a southern slope or little shading are optimal. We examine further planning requirements, e.g. restrictions from the state or regional planning level, on a site-specific basis. A helpful guideline is provided by the EEG land use guidelines.  As project developers, we are also interested in areas that are not subsidized by the Erneuerbare Energien Gesetz (EEG)!   

    You do not know whether your area is suitable? Contact us by e-mail at flaechenpacht(at) or by phone at 089 383932 5077.  

  • What happens to the PV system after the operating period?

    As lessee of the land or plant operator, we are contractually obligated to dismantle the plant after the end of operation.  

  • How long is the useful life of the solar park?

    A PV ground-mounted system can currently be used for at least 25 years. The length of the useful life is contractually agreed between us and the land owner.  

  • Who bears the risk if the PV plant breaks down?

    The operator alone is liable for any risks.

  • How does the approval of a PV plant work?

    The responsible local municipality decides on the PV plant by means of a statute resolution within the framework of a land use plan procedure and is then approved by the next higher planning level, depending on state law. During the procedure, citizens, associations and relevant authorities, so-called public interest groups, can raise objections, concerns and requests for changes to the planning.   

    Since the end of 2022, so-called "privileged areas", which are located in a 200 m wide corridor on both sides of railroads and highways, can also receive approval for a solar park without a land use plan procedure.     

  • How long does it take from planning to completion of a solar park?

    On average, something between three and five years, depending on the size and complexity of the project. The project development phase takes the longest time. Once the approval process is complete, the construction of the PV plant usually takes only a few months.  

  • How does the electricity generated by the PV plant get into the public grid?

    We take over the planning and implementation of the cable route, including the transfer station, up to the final grid feed-in point. Together with the responsible grid operator, we take care of finding the most favorable feed-in point into the public grid.  

  • What are the benefits of ground-mounted PV systems for landowners and farmers?

    Land owners receive a secure lease income over a period of 25 to 35 years without having to bear the financial risk themselves. Especially for full-time farmers, a solar park on their own land can therefore represent an important additional source of income. As a rule, extensively used grassland is created under the solar modules, which can also be used for agricultural purposes.

    And: a well-planned solar park can not only make an active contribution to climate protection, but also to the preservation and promotion of local biodiversity. The German Association of the New Energy Economy has investigated this in a study: Solar parks – profits for biodiversity

  • What are the advantages of a partnership with BayWa r.e.?

    With over 30 years of experience in renewable energy, we are the market leader of solar projects in Germany. We cover the entire life cycle of a solar park - from site planning to implementation. We also remain present during the operation of the solar park: as a service provider for commercial and technical management, as an electricity marketer, or by taking over the solar parks into our own portfolio and operating them ourselves on a permanent basis. This means commitment and security for our partners and enables the rapid implementation of projects.  

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